E-HEALTH: MEDICAL DATA PROTECTION AND PATIENT RIGHTS
Mária Ablameyko, Nadzeya Shakel, Ján Rabčan
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Informatization has rightfully become a symbol of the XXI century. The progress in the development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in recent decades has led to qualitative changes in the healthcare sector, creating new opportunities in the field of medicine. The possibilities of ICTs in healthcare at various historical stages were determined and are determined by the state of three components: information, telecommunications and medical technologies.
One of the most significant documents for the intensive use of ICTs in the field of health was the Resolution
WHA58.28 on E-Health, that was adopted in May 2005 at the 58th session of the World Health Assembly. The concept of E-Health used in the document implied "the use of information and communication technologies both in a given place and at a distance", combining everything related to the use of ICT in medicine.
The concept of E-Health or Electronic Healthcare (EH) includes a complex of diverse information, communication and medical services provided at a distance. The most famous are services such as telemedicine (teleeducation, telemonitoring, teleconsultations), electronic medical records, exchange of medical and managerial data, analysis of laboratory research results and image transmission, information support for scientific research, etc. EH is one of intensively developed areas : the total funding made by investors in the E-Health industry from 2010 to 2020
increased from 1,1 billion U.S. dollars to 21.6 billion U.S. dollars. These systems have become even more important in the face of the pandemic COVID-19 . Researchers have published numerous articles on the role of eHealth, telehealth, and/or telemedicine in delivering healthcare services to patients with chronic diseases/conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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